Tuesday, 22 October 2013

Jhumar - Punjabi Folk Dance

Punjab, a land of fantastic folklores and cultural extravaganzas is 
also not for its colorful and energetic dance forms. Contrary to popular belief, Bhangra and Gidda are not the only Punjabi dances. The hallmark of gaiety, Jhumar is another popular dance form of the state. 

                                   


Originating from Pakistan's Sandalbar, the elegant Jhumar dance is an integral part of the quintessential Punjabi folk culture. The drummer is seated in the center and encircled by dancers who encircle him and dance gaily singing the merry tunes.


The Jhumar dance is a tribute to human happiness. It is performed exclusively by the local men folk during fairs, weddings and other major festivals and celebrations. It is a wonderful experience to see three generations -grandfather, father and son sway together to the Jhumar beats. Jhumar is composed of three predominant moods to suit different occasions and is hence suitable for all joyous celebrations.

The dancers dress in colorful, gaudy costumes resembling the Bhangra wear and sway to and fro to the lilt of soul stirring and 
emotional tunes. Devoid of complex acrobatic, it is merely a movement of arms with slight feet movements and a few twists and turns. 


This highly popular dance, performed on beautiful moonlit nights under the open sky has been fused with the Bhangra. As the dancers move the make a soft "dee-dee" hum to enhance the beauty and appeal of this highly alluring dance.



Danced by all generations of Punjabi men folk together, Jhumar is a popular dance that is enormously enjoyed by the young and old, rich and poor, men and women and locals and tourists alike. 



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Surbhi Maheshwari [MBA Fin / Mktg ] 
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Friday, 18 October 2013

Dance Forms Of Punjab : Gidda




Punjab, the rambling land of ancient Indian culture and folklore is also noted for its exuberant and colorful dance forms. The womenfolk solely perform Gidda, a Punjabi folk dance, similar to the more eminent Bhangra. Those who are not familiar with the nitty-gritty's of Punjabi dance often tend to confuse the two. 




Gidda resembles a narrative where the women enact bolis complete with music, poetry and dance. They topics usually deal with contemporary domestic issues ranging from bitter arguments with the in-laws, family politics, the excesses of an amorous husband sisters and mothers, loneliness of a young lovelorn bride estranged from her husband to the evils of society or expressing guileless deep love.


A highly energetic dance, the dancers sway in sync with the drumbeats and the clapping of their palms. Derived from the ancient ring dance, the satiric verses are performed by a group of girls. One girl sings the bolis and when the cadence rises when the last but one line of the song is reached the others join in the vigorous dance. Another girl plays on the traditional dholki.

Gidda is a lively dance with brisk swift movements. When the pace of the songs increases, the girls dance in unison to it. Their embroidered dupattas and ethnic jewelry emphasize the quick turns as they dance to the vivacious tunes. The female dancers are clad in a short choli with a lower ghagra or lehnga or simple a vibrant Punjabi Salwar-Kameez. The apparel is embellished with jewelry and accessories that comprise of the suggi-phul (worn on head) to pazaibs (anklets), haar-hamela, (gem-studded golden necklace) baazu-band (worn around upper-arm) and raani-haar (a long necklace made of solid gold).




Gidda, one of the most popular Punjabi dance forms mesmerizes tourists. For more Punjabi Dance forms visit: 






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Thursday, 17 October 2013

Latest Patiala Salwar Suits



Punjabi suits are meant to enhance a woman's personality and add a touch of elegance. Usually women's Salwar Suits are one-piece solutions for day to evening parties and as formal dresses. Ladies Salwar Suits are available for any occasion right from beach parties and formal gatherings to weddings. These fashion Salwar Suits are distinct in terms of style, fabric and measurement. Different fabrics like chiffon, cotton, linen silk, velvet, crepe etc. are used to create fine fashionable Patiala Salwar Suits. Women fashion Patiala Salwar Suits are embellished with sequins, beads, ribbons or lace. They are available in many colors, designs, and prints. Women Punjabi Patiala Salwar Suits manufacturers are experimenting with different colors and prints, but plain colors and floral prints continue to rule the fashion calendar.

Women Fashion Dresses Categories

As women love to dress up, the dress manufacturers regularly come up with a variety of fashion Suits for women. As such ladies Suits can be found for every occasion right from dresses for casual occasions to highly sophisticated dresses for women for such occasions as weddings and parties. Thus, the women Suits catalog of these manufacturers and suppliers contain different categories of ladies Suits that can be summed up as follows:

  • Salwaar Kameez for Women
  • Patiala salwar for Women
  • Punjabi Ghagra for Women
  • Chudidaar for Women
  • Wedding Suits for Women
  • Women Formal Suits 



Women's dresses are fabulous. Nowadays, the fashion market is flooded with a wide range of Suits for ladies for all occasions. Women are willing to experiment with style. Gone are the days when wearing a standard two piece trouser suit or salwaar suit or a saree appear formal like. You can just feel and look confident wearing a stylishly women's Suits. A smart and tailored Suits, can really turn heads. Suits for all sizes are available. No doubt the long Suits look good for tall, slim women. With the right cut,
provided it does not cling much into the body, these Suits are fashionable and great to wear. The popularity and demand for fashionable Suits are increasing day by day with the growing number of models, film stars.














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Punjab Dance Forms

Enriching the air of the state with glory and exultation, the various forms of Punjabi Dance expresses the jovial spirit of the local people. Derived from the cultural opulence of the past rulers, the different types of Dances of Punjab express the core tradition of 
the place.



From Bhangra, Gidda, Jhumar, Jaago to Luddi, Kikli, Julli, Dhamal, Sammi and Teeyan, all the Dances of the state expresses a multi-hued traditional platform of vibrancy and dynamism.





The agricultural produce of Punjab occupies a special place in the life of every Punjabi. The indigenous Bhangra Dance symbolizes the flourishing harvest of the state. To celebrate the joy of a productive farm yield, the peasants of the villages of Punjab come out beating dhols and Dance jubilantly forming a circle. This Dance is performed on the 13th of April on the occasion of Baisakhi.








For more information on Dance Forms in Punjab ..... see my upcoming blogs.......



Looking for Best Varities of Pulses and grains??? Here your search ends.... 
visit  http://ajit-singh-om-parkash.blogspot.in/

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Wednesday, 16 October 2013

Places to Visit in Ludhiana


Gurdwara Charankanwal Sahib Machhiwara






                 Guru Nanak (Sports) Stadium, Ludhiana






Guru Nanak Bhawan, Ludhiana






                    Hardy's World (Amusement park)





Maharaja Ranjit Singh War Museum, Ludhiana






                        Nehru Rose Garden, Ludhiana






Rural Museum, PAU, Ludhiana






Tiger Safari, Amaltas, Ludhiana


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Tuesday, 15 October 2013

Patiala





About Patiala

Patiala district is one of the famous princely states of erstwhile Punjab. Forming the south-eastern part of the state, it lies between 29°49’ and 30°47’ north latitude, 75°58’ and 76°54' east longitude. 

It is surrounded by the districts of Fatehgarh Sahib & Rupnagar and the Union Territory of Chandigarh in the north, Sangrur district in the west, Ambala and Kurukshetra districts of neighbouring state of Haryana in the east and Kaithal district of Haryana in the south.



How to reach Patiala ?




By Rail:

From New Delhi, take New Delhi-Bhatinda Inter City Express or the Shatabdi Express to Ambala, and then hire a taxi for the drive to Patiala.

By Road:

Patiala lies just off the excellent National Highway #1 (Delhi-Amritsar) and is about 250 Km from Delhi. The journey via Ambala Cantt. takes about 5 hours. You can also drive to Patiala from Chandigarh, via Zirakpur (on NH 22), and Rajpura.The PRTC Bus Stand Patiala enquiry no is 0175-2311718.

By Air:

Patiala is not having any international/domestic airport .The nearest international Airports are at Delhi and Amritsar. The Indira Gandhi International Airport, Delhi is at a distance of around 250 Km from Patiala. The International Airport Amritsar is around 235 Km from Patiala. The nearest domestic Airport is at Chandigarh which is around 70 Km from Patiala. The exact flight schedules should be checked from the official website of these airport or the Airline.

Accommodation:

Patiala has a few budget and 3-star hotels. However, Chandigarh and Ludhiana, both over an hour's drive away, offer varied options, including deluxe hotels.


People

Patiala district is a predominantly rural district.. As per the 2001 census, an overwhelming 65% lived in rural areas and only 35% lived in urban areas.

After the partition of India in 1947, a large number of refugees from west Punjab came and settled in Patiala district. The single largest group of refugees was from Bahawalpur. Apart from this, a sizeable number came from Gujjranwala and Sheikhpura. According to the 1951 census, the total number of displaced persons in the district was 1,19,518.

The Sikhs and the Hindus are the predominant communities in the district. The Sikh form 55% of the population while the Hindus form 42%, the remaining being the Christians, the Muslim, the Jains and the Buddhists.

Geographically, Punjab is divided into four regions, know as Malwa. Majha, Doaba and Puadh. Patiala district falls in the Puadh region and standard dialect spoken in the district is known as Puadhi. Although this dialect is almost the same in grammar as the standard dialect of Punjabi language, the distinguishing character of this dialect is that ,to a very large extent, it is influenced by Hindi spoken in the adjoining districts which now a part of Haryana.

Area

Patiala district with an area of 3625 Sq. kms. was the 5th largest district of the Punjab (area wise) after Ferozepur, Amritsar, Sangrur and Ludhiana as per 2001 census but with the formation of new district Mohali,Sub Division Dera Bassi becomes Part of Mohali district.Earlier Dera Bassi tehsil was part of Patiala district.

Topography

The district forms a part of the Indo- Gangetic plain and consists of three types of region :-

The Upland Plain.
The Cho-infested Foothill Plain.
The Floodplain of the Ghaggar River
Apart from this, the district has a complex drainage system consisting of canals and rivers. The river Ghaghar is the most important water channel of the district. It is essentially a seasonal stream, remaining dry during most part of the year. However, during the rainy session, it remains in spate, often flooding the adjoining villages, causing damage to crops, livestock and at times to houses and human lives. A number of subsidiary rivulets join the Ghaggar River, the most important ones being the Tangri Nadi, Patiala-Wali-Nadi, Sirhind Choe and the Jhambowali Choe.

Apart from the natural drainage line, the district also has three important canals- The Bhakra Main Line canal, the Nawana Branch, and the Ghaghar Link. These canals provide much needed irrigation water to the district. Before these canals were constructed, Patiala district was a water scarce area. These irrigation canals have helped to transform the parched fields into fertile, double-crop lands.

Climate

The Climate here is typical of Punjab plain i.e. very hot in summer and very cold in winter. The district is generally dry and hot, with monsoon lasting three months. Both summer and winter are severe. The annual average rainfall is 688mm. On an average there are 61 rainy days. The variation in rainfall is appreciable. The month of May is the hottest with the mean monthly maximum temperature of 43.1oCelsius. January is the coldest month with mean monthly minimum temperature of 2.1 Celsius.


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Surbhi Maheshwari [MBA Fin / Mktg ] 
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Monday, 14 October 2013

Jalandhar - A City of Sports



About Jalandhar


 
Origin of the Name of the District

The district is named after Jalandhar, a demon king, who finds a mention in the Puranas and Mahabharta. According to another legend, Jalandhar was the capital of the kingdom of lav, son of Rama. According to yet another version Jalandhar is said to have derived its name from the vernacular term `Jalandhar’ means area inside the water, i.e. tract laying between the two rivers Satluj and Beas, still another name of Jalandhar had been Trigartta, as it was waters by three rivers, Satluj, Beas and Ravi.







Location

Jalandhar is located on the intensively irrigated plain between the Beas and Sutlej rivers. The city, which has major road and rail connections, is a market for agricultural products. Manufactures include textiles, leather goods, wood products, and sporting goods. Jalandhar was the capital of Punjab from India's independence (1947) until Chandigarh was built in 1953.Jalandhar is situated at 710 31’ East and 300 33’ North at a distance of 146 kms from state capital Chandigarh. It is at a distance of 350 Kms from Delhi on Delhi-Amritsar Highway. It is surrounded by Ludhiana district in East, Kapurthala in West, Hosiharpur in North and Ferozepur in South. It is well connected by road and train. Nearest Airport is RajaSansi Airport, Amritsar at a distance of 90 kms.



Total Area and Population of the District

According to 2001 Census provisional, the area of Jalandhar District is 3,401 sq. km According to 2001 Census provisional figures, the total population of the district was 19,53,508 persons (10,26,535 males and 9,26,973 Females).

Administrative Division of the District

The Jalandhar District consist of 5 tehsils/subdivisions viz. Jalandhar-I, Jalandhar II, Nakodar, Phillaur and Shahkot. Besides, there are 5 sub-tehsils, viz. Adampur, Bhogpur, Kartarpur, Goryan and Nurmahal. The district is divided into 10 development blocks, viz, Jalandhar East, Jalandhar West, Bhogpur, Adampur, Nakodar, Shahkot, Phillaur, Nurmahal, Lohian and Rurka Kalan. According to 2000-2001 figures of District Statistical Office, the district has 956 inhabited villages.

Climate

The climate of this district is on the whole dry except during the brief south-west monsoon season. The year may be divided into four seasons. The cold season is from the middle of November to early part of March. The succeeding period upto the end of June in the summer season, July, August and first half of September constitute the South-West monsoon season. The period from middle September to the middle of November is the post monsoon or transition period. Although tehsil Phagwara is in the Kapurthala District, for the description of climate the same has been included in the Jalandhar district.



Rainfall

The average annual rainfall in the district is 703.0 mm. The rainfall in the district in general increases from the south-west towards the north-east and varies from 551.3 mm at Nakodar to 892.3 mm at Adampur (Aera-obsy). About 70 per cent of the annual normal rainfall in the district is received during the period July to September, July being the rainiest month. Some rainfall is received mostly as thunder showers in June and in association with passing western disturbances in the cold season. The variation in the rainfall from year to year in the district is appreciable. In the 80 year, 1901 to 1980, the highest annual rainfall amounting to 181 per cent of the normal occurred in 1917. The lowest annual rainfall which was 55 per cent of the normal occurred in the year 1905. In the same period, the annual rainfall in the district was less than 80 per cent of the normal in 22 years.

On an average, there are 36 rainy days (i.e. days with rainfall of 2.5 mm or more) in a year in the district. The number varies from 30 at Phagwara to 45 at Adampur (Aera-obsy). The heaviest rainfall in 24 hours recorded at any station in the district was 304.8 mm at Jalandhar on 18 August 1878.

                     

Temperature

There is a meteorological observation in the District of Jalandhar. But it has started functioning very recently. So description follows is based on the records of the observatories in the neighboring district where similar climate conditions prevail. After February, temperature begin to rise rapidly. June is generally the hottest month with the mean daily temperature at about 41oC and the mean daily minimum at about 27oC. Scorching dust laden winds blow on many days in the summer season and the day temperatures on individual days may reach above 450C. Afternoon thundershowers which occur on some days during the summer bring welcome relief though only temporarily. With the onset of monsoon by about the end of June or early in July, the day temperature drop down appreciably. But the nights continue to be a warm during the summer. Due to increase moisture in the monsoon air, the weather is often sultry and uncomfortable, in between these rains. After about mid-September when the monsoon withdraws temperatures decrease, the drop in the night temperature being rapid. January is generally the coldest month with the mean daily maximum temperature at about 19oC and the mean daily minimum at about 6oC. During the winter season. Cold waves effect the district in the rear of western disturbances and the minimum temperature occasionally drops down below the freezing point of water.





Humidity

During the brief south-west monsoon months and for spells of a day or two in association with the passing western disturbances high humidity prevails in the district. In the rest of the year, the humidity is low. The driest port of the year is the summer season when in the afternoons the relative humidity is 30 percent or less.

Cloudiness

The skies are heavily clouded and over cast on a few days during the south-west monsoon and for spells of a day or two in association with passing western disturbances during the cold season. During the rest of the year, the skies are mostly clear or lightly clouded.

Winds

Winds are generally light in the district. In the south-west monsoon season, winds from direction, between north-east and south-east, are common but on many days in the afternoons westerly to north-westerly winds predominate, except in the latter half of summer, when easterlies and south easterlies blow on some days.



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Surbhi Maheshwari [MBA Fin / Mktg ] 
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Friday, 11 October 2013

Tourist Places in Amritsar

                        


Golden Temple (Harmander Sahib)

The Golden temple is located in the holy city of the Sikhs, Amritsar. The Golden temple is famous for its full golden dome, it is one of the most sacred pilgrim spots for Sikhs. The Mandir is built on a 67-ft square of marble and is a two storied structure. Maharaja Ranjit Singh had the upper half of the building built with approximately 400 kg of gold leaf. 




The Golden Temple is surrounded by a number of other famous temples like the Durgiana Temple. The fourth Guru of Sikhs, Guru Ram Das, who had initially constructed a pool here, founded Amritsar, which houses the Golden Temple or Harmandir Sahib. It is here that Sage Valmiki wrote the epic, Ramayana. Rama and Sita are believed to have spent their fourteen-year exile in Amritsar, the epicenter of Sikhism. To the south of the temple is a garden, and the tower of Baba Atal. The Central Sikh Museum is atop the Clock Tower. The 'Guru Ka Langar' offers free food to around 20,000 people everyday. The number shoots up to 100,000 on special occasions. A visitor must cover his / her head before entering the temple premises. 

The Granth Sahib is kept in the Temple during the day and is kept in the Akal Takht or Eternal Throne in the night. The Akal Takht also houses the ancient weapons used by the Sikh warriors. Guru Hargobind established it. The rugged old Jubi Tree in the north west corner of the compound is believed to possess special powers. It was planted 450 years ago, by the Golden Temple's first high priest, Baba Buddha. 

Guru-ka-Langar or the communal canteen is towards the eastern entrance of the temple complex, and it provides free food to all visitors, regardless of colour, creed, caste or gender. Visitors to the Golden Temple must remove their shoes and cover their heads before entering the temple. The temple is less crowded in the early mornings on weekends.

Around the Golden Temple



Within the sacred precincts of the Golden Temple, a devotee can seek blessing at:

The Akal Takht
Har Ki Pauri
Dukh Bhanjani Ber (Jujube Tree)
Thara Sahib
Ber Baba Budha Ji
Gurudwara Ilachi Ber
Ath Sath Tirath
Bunga Baba Deep Singh


Durgiana Temple (Lakshmi Narain Temple)
Built in the third decade of the 20th Century it echoes, not the traditional Hindu temple architecture, but that of the Golden Temple and, in a similar manner rises from the midst of a tank and has canopies and the central dome in the style of the Sikh temple. One of the greatest reformers and political leaders of resurgent India, Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya, laid its foundation stone. It is a well-known repository of Hindu scriptures

Wagah Border



The international border between India and Pakistan. The pomp and pageantry of the Beating Retreat and the Change of Guard within handshaking distance of the Indian and Pakistani forces makes for a most charming spectacle.








Wagah, an army outpost on Indo-Pak border - between Amritsar and Lahore, is an elaborate complex of buildings, roads and barriers on both sides. The daily highlight is the evening "Beating the Retreat" ceremony. Soldiers from both countries march in perfect drill, going through the steps of bringing down their respective national flags. As the sun goes down, nationalistic fervour rises and lights are switched on marking the end of the day amidst thunderous applause.


Jallian Wala Bagh
The memorial at this site commemorates the 2000 Indians who were killed or wounded, shot indiscriminately by the British under the command of Gen Michael O"Dyer on April13, 1919 while participating in a peaceful public meeting. This was one of the major incidents of India's freedom struggle.The story of this appaling massacre is told in the Martyr's Gallery at the site. A section of wall with bullet marks still visible is preserved along with the memorial well, in which some people jumped to escape. 

"The impossible men of India shall rise and liberate their mother land", declared Mahatma Gandhi, after the Jallian Wala massacre. "This disproportionate severity of punishment inflicted upon the unfortunate people and method of carrying it out is without parallel in the history of civilized govt." wrote Rabindra Nath Tagore the noble laureate while returning knighthood.

Ram Bagh
Ram Bagh a beautiful garden ,an accustomed listener to the Neighs of thousand horses, announcing the arrival of the statesman of the century Maharaja Ranjit Singh (1780-1839) the Lion of Punjab, has in its heart the summer Palace of this great ruler. Maintenance free inbuilt cooling system designed in the Palace exhibits the architectural excellence and invokes a keen interest.The king of his time brought local chieftains under his control and virtually finished any eventuality of possible attacks on the kingdom raised by him. To commemorate the memory of his velour Ram Bagh on its one end has a lively statue of Maharaja Ranjit Singh saddled on a horse in a winsome posture. 

The garden was named by the ruler himself as a tribute to Guru Ram Das, the founder of the city. Now the summer palace of the Maharaja Ranjit Singh has been converted into a museum which speaks volumes on his times.On display are weapons dating back to Mughal times, portraits of ruling houses of Punjab and a replica of diamond "Kohinoor". In those days the garden was approached by a huge fortified gate which still exists in its original form and is just on the periphery of the garden.

Ram Tirath
Located 11 Km West of Amritsar on Chogawan road, dates back to the period of Ramayana, Rishi Valmiki's hermitage. The place has an ancient tank and many temples. A hut marks the site where Mata Sita gave birth to Luv & Kush and also, still extant are Rishi Valmiki's hut and the well with stairs where Mata Sita used to take her bath. The Bedis of Punjab (Guru Nanak Dev , the founder Prophet of Sikhism was a Bedi) trace their descent from Kush and Sodhis (the 10th Prophet of Sikhism, Guru Gibind Singh was a Sodhi) from Luv. A four day fair, since times immemorial is held here starting on the full moon night in November. 16 Kilometres west on Choganwan road is Ram Tirath, commemorating Maharishi Balmik Ji´s heritage.

Pul Kanjari
It is another heritage sight built by Maharaja Ranjit Singh around which are sewn many tales and legends. Situated near the villages of Daoka and Dhanoa Kalan right on the Wagha border, Pul Kanjari is about 35 kms. Both from Amritsar & Lahore. The Maharaja would often rest and leisure here in the baradari while passing by along with his royal troop and retinues. Despite a ruined fort and a baoli-a bathing pool - this heritage sight has a temple, a Gurudwara and a mosque which bespeak of the secular concerns of the Maharaja. The inside of the dome on the corner of the baoli enshrines a number of scenes and sights from the Hindu scriptures and the Raj Darbar.These frescoes are laced with floral frames.



                                     



Samadhi of Guru Angad Dev Ji
About 30 km south east from Amritsar, and within easy reach from Goindwal Sahib is a Samadhi of the second Guru. It was built by Maharaja Ranjit Singh in 1815 A.D.

Jama Masjid Khairuddin
Built by Mohd. Khairuddin in 1876, this masjid is a place of architectural beauty situated in the Hall Bazar. This is the holy place from where a call against the British rule was given by Tootie-e-Hind, Shah Attaullah Bukhari.

Samadh of Shravan
About 6 Kilometres from Ajnala near Jastarwal (earlier known as Dashrathwal) is located one of the oldest heritage spots in Amritsar. It belongs to the Ramayana period a legend has it that Shravan lies buried here after the fell from the arrow of King Dashrath, the Lord of Ayodhya. The Samadh is situated on the banks of an old rivulet (Purani Dhab ).Shravan had taken his blind parents on a wide-ranging pilgrimage by cradling them on his shoulder in a wooden device.

Khoo Kalyanwala 
The city has played a stellar role in the liberation of India from the British clutches. Freedom fighters like Madan Lal Dhingra, Ras Bihari Bose, S.Kartar Singh Sarabha, Dr. Satya Pal and Dr. Saif-ud-din Kitchlu are house-hold names in Amritsar.

                               

When Mangal Pande blew the bugle of rebellion against the British in 1857, its echoes and shock-waves were felt in Amritsar also. A platoon of 400 soldier stationed at Lahore rebelled against the British Government by fleeing their barracks. The deserted soldiers bravely swam across the flooded Ravi and reached Ajnala.The information was received by Mr.Fredric Cooper, the then Deputy Commissioner of Amritsar.On his order, all of them were put in a coop-like room where almost 200 soldiers died of asphyxia. The rest of them were brutally shot dead the next morning and their dead bodies thrown in the well which is known as the Kalianwala Khoo in Tehsil Ajnala.

The Historical Banyan Tree( Shaheedi Bohr)
This historical tree with massive girth and lushgreen canopy stands majestically in the Namdhari Shaheedi Samark against the majestic back drop of the northern boundary of Ram Bagh.Four Kookas were hanged from this tree by the British Government in 1871.The Kookas were hanged from this tree by the British Government in 1871 The Kookas were hanged because they had reacted violently against the hawking of beef around the Golden Temple.


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Punjabi Fashion Dresses

The traditional Fashion dress for women is the Punjabi Salwar Suit which replaced the traditional
Punjabi Ghagra. The Patiala salwar is also very popular. It is clear from the patterns that Punjab dress suits are similar to Shalwar kameez. Punjabi Cultural dresses are Salwaar Kameez, Patiala salwar, Punjabi Ghagra to make women beautiful.





The traditional dress for Punjabi men is the Punjabi Kurta and Tehmat which is being replaced by the kurta and pajama, especially the popular Muktsari style in India.

‘Salwar kameez’ is the traditional attire of the women of Punjab, It is equally popular among the women of South Central Asia also. Punjabi suits from India comes in a variety of color patterns and designs. The doppata with salwar also have a great work of cultural design and unique way of Punjabi styles. These suits are usually very colorful i.e. have darker tones and very heavy embroideries. It has gained the status of being a very comfortable outfit and has risen in the popularity chart of garments suitable for many occasions, amongst women of all age groups and sizes. Simple Punjabi Dress Design Pattern is another cultural design showing the simplicity and tradition of Punjab.


A Punjabi suit forms an integral part of not only the day- to-day wear, but is also apt for parties, weddings, festivals and various other occasions. Today the designers with there creativity combined with talent have reinvented the Punjabi suits in its different avatars. Salwar kameez designed in various patterns, colors and necklines.

Women Dress Design Punjabi Pattern is yet again reflecting the Punjab culture of both india and
Pakistan. Punjabi Cultural Salwaar Kameez is consequently famous due to reliability and
the most of the designers work on such designs and patterns because it has plenty of room
and margin to design, modify and to feed it with thread embroidery etc.




Demographics of Punjab

                         


Area: 50,362 sq Km
Capital: Chandigarh
Language: Punjabi
Districts: 17
Population : 20,281,969
Males : 10,695,136
Females :  9,495,659
Literacy : 57.14%


Punjab is in Northern India and east side of Pakistan. It has a long history and rich cultural heritage.

Punjab is said to have derived its name from the five rivers that flow through it. The Indus, Ravi, Beas, Sutlej and Ghaggar rivers. Pung means five and aab means water so Punjab means five waters.
The people of Punjab are called Punjabis and speak the language called Punjabi.

                                 

Places of Interest in Punjab

Amritsar-Sacred city of the Sikhs, The Golden Temple, Gardens, Fort, Museums. 

Taran Taran-Sikh Shrine. 

Dera Baba Nanak/Govindwal/Kiratpur-Sikh pilgrim center. 

Pathankot-Gateway to Jammu and Kashmir and the Valleys of Himachal. 

Patiala- Palace and Museum, National Institute of Sports. 

Major Towns- Chandigarh, Amritsar, Patiala, Ludhiana, Jalandhar. 









Wednesday, 9 October 2013

Punjabi Food



                                   

The cuisine of Punjab has an enormous variety of mouth-watering vegetarian as well as non vegetarian dishes. The spice content ranges from minimal to pleasant to high. 






Punjabi food is usually relished by people of all communities. In Punjab, home cooking differs from the restaurant cooking style. At the restaurants, the chefs make a liberal use of desi ghee, butter and cream to make the food lip smacking and finger licking. On the other hand, at home, people prefer using sunflower oil or some other refined oil for cooking, with the basic idea of making the food low in fat content.



Wheat is the staple food of Punjabis; however, they do enjoy eating rice on festivities and other special occasions. When it comes to food, each region in Punjab has an entirely different preference like people in Amritsar are particularly fond of stuffed paranthas and milk products. 

The philosophy of life for most of the Punjabis is to eat, drink and make merry. They are real lively people who are extremely fond of eating good food. In the preparation of Punjabi food, onion, ginger and garlic are used extensively to enhance the taste of the food. 



Traditional Punjabi thali consists of varied kinds of breads; some are baked in the tandoor such as tandoori roti, lachha paratha, naan and kulcha, while others are dry baked on tava like chapatti and jowar ki roti. There is another fabulous variety of roti called rumali roti, which is larger in size as compared to the normal one and is also easily absorbable. Also, there are breads that are shallow fried such as parantha and deep fried such as puri and bhatoora.